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Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on Television: a Analysis that is quantitative across Seasons

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Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on Television: a Analysis that is quantitative across Seasons

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on Television: a Analysis that is quantitative across Seasons

Infrequent media that are positive of homosexuality might also influence the philosophy of heterosexuals. Cultivation concept (Gerbner, Gross, Morgan, Signorielli, & Shanahan, 2002) implies that watching television influences people’ attitudes and thinking through an activity whereby the planet as portrayed by the news involves be recognized by watchers especially high-volume people as a reflection that is accurate of. Regular tv observing is proposed to generate a provided pair of conceptions and objectives about social truth among otherwise viewers that are diverse. According to cultivation concept, some scientists have actually recommended that having less portrayals of homosexuality on tv might influence the opinions among heavy audiences that homosexuality is unusual or excessively uncommon. Relating to Gross (1994), tv is just a major influence on the presumptions individuals have about people in minority teams such as for example gays, lesbians, and bisexuals because numerous watchers might have small individual experience with such people.

Meant for cultivation concept, Gross (1984) unearthed that tv watching had been associated with more powerful negative attitudes towards gays and lesbians, irrespective of people’ governmental values.

Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of conventional news representations, portrayals of homosexual and lesbian people on tv are becoming notably more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to own a gay character that is leading. This enhance is seen within the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous programs such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, along with reveals that concentrate on homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable channels have actually included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more complex plot lines sufficient reason for more explicit sexual actions.

Even though the existence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable systems, it really is confusing just just how usually television addresses the intimate problems and issues of intimate minorities. As noted early in the day, when gay and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they will have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, the majority of exactly what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including single-show instance studies), centering on exactly exactly how certain programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope-Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope-Farrar, Biely, Maynard-Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual problems associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper centers around factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included as part of two bigger content analyses examining sexual content more broadly on US television.

Information through the 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly intimate behavior and explore sex, present in tv development general and just just just what habits emerge across system genres, system kinds, and prime-time versus programming that is nonprime-time? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content occurs, what exactly is its regularity and exactly how does online sex cam chat it differ across genres, form of system, and prime-time versus programming that is nonprime-time?

System Examples

A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to acquire two big yearly random examples of tv programs of best interest to adolescents and that were comprehensive of many segments associated with the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable networks (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.

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